Behavior Tips in an Interview!

People come to an interview with similar resumes, skill sets and qualifications, so what can set you apart from the herd is your behavior during these interviews. Softskills need to be re-iterated to yourself and practiced over and over again to make them a part of your nature.  Along with technical know-how your softskills will be judged for compatibility with the team. Let us look at a couple of points which could help you in your next interview

  1. Physical Actions: When in the interview room usually a chair would be presented in front of the interviewer walk gently towards the panel, offer a firm handshake, make eye contact and have a friendly expression when you are greeted by the interviewer, if you are not asked to sit immediately wait until the interviewee asks you to sit. While seated fidgeting or shaking of legs is a big no. sit comfortably and keep a good posture. Do not tap your fingers on your knees or display signs of impatience or uneasiness, easier said than done but still it is vital to try to make a conscious effort to keep a check. Don’t go extreme with your body posture be straight but not rigid and do not sit on the edge of your seat. . During the interview do not take any calls or read any text messages.
  2. Language: Most interviews would require you to speak fluent English. Even if English is not your first choice of language do not worry, if the job that you are applying to does not require public interaction then the interviewer will only check for audibility and good fluency, do not try to speak in a manner you would not normally do. Using of big words will not impress the interviewer being crisp and to the point is what they will look for. Like when speaking in public when talking, try to minimize the use of fillers like “uhh’s” and “umm’s” pause take a second to organize your thoughts and answer fluently. Always address the interviewer with Mr, Mrs or Dr. unless directed to do otherwise.
  3. Manner: While speaking it is very important to be audible at all times. Do not make the interviewee ask you to repeat what you have said. When asked a question you may not be sure of the answer , it may be wrong but answer confidently don’t try to sound unsure and look for help from the interviewer, also do not be afraid to ask the interviewer to repeat the question. Be enthusiastic in your answers; show that you want the job at the same time do not seem desperate. Do not ask about the salary and benefits until the subject is brought up by the interviewer, also don’t make it seem like your interested in the job because of its geographical location. Have intelligent questions prepared at the end of the interview on questions which you did not know the answer to in your prior research about the company. After the interview take notes about the critical points and write a thank-you letter immediately to the interviewer.
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Importance of Personality Assessment Test

Personality Tests have become very popular these days with the individuals as well as the employers. Personality has been defined by N. Brody and H. Ehrlichman as “those thoughts, feelings, desires, intentions, and action tendencies that contribute to important aspects of individuality.” Every individual differs from the other in terms of a lot of factors. For example some people like to stay alone or work alone while others prefer the company of a few close friends and some others enjoy being amidst a large crowd. Other factors also influence behaviour (e.g., social setting, mood, recent events, health, and relationships) as well, but personality is a major force behind individual differences in behavioral tendencies and how they deal with different situations.

Today there are so many different job profiles and their associated different kinds of jobs responsibilities that it is very important for the employers to select the right person for the right job in order to get maximum productivity. A study by American Management Association reveals that 39 percent of companies surveyed use personality testing as part of their hiring process. Even individuals need to select jobs which are most suited for their personality in order to get job satisfaction. Every profession requires a different kind of personality for successful performance. For example a sales person needs to be more outgoing and social when compared to let us say a mechanic. If you choose a job which lets you be yourself you would no doubt be happier. You can find many personality tests which are available on the internet, in a magazine, or through a professional organization.The most important part of any personality test is the results you get and what you decide to do with them.

There are many different kinds of personality tests available. The most famous ones are the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the MMPI, and a number of tests based on the Five Factor Model of personality. The basic method which most of the test employ is to ask the applicant a set of indirect questions which will throw some light on the personality. For example if someone prefers reading a book on the beach over attending a beach side party, he/she probably likes to stay alone rather than socialize with a large crowd. Once they collect the answers for a set of questions the evaluators use statistical and numerical tools to predict the personality. This method is known as self-report inventory. There are many other methods for assessing personality, including observational measures, peer-report studies, and projective tests (e.g. the TAT and Ink Blots). A personality test can’t confirm whether a particular individual will be successful or not at a job but it can surely give an idea about who is more likely to be successful. If you have a clear idea about your personality you can work on your weak points and use your strong points to your advantage.

Even one particular industry may have different kinds of job profiles. For example when it comes to electronic industry you can either be an application engineer or a design engineer etc. There are not many tests available to assess what type of engineer you can be; therefore Adormi Technologies has come up with the Adormi Technical Personality Assessment Test (ATPAT). It helps you to know about most suited job function for you and your inclination towards various electronic industries. It also throws light on your preferred working style and hardware/software job inclination. It recommends you company’s for internship and Adormi products you should work on. It also suggests electives you should take and further studies. The results of the test depend solely on your interests irrespective of your skills in that particular area.

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How to write an effective resume?

It is very important to write an effective resume. The employers have a pile of resume viagra professional to go through and if your resume has even one mistake your resume can end up in a pile of trash. Having a strong and effective resume would get you one step closer to landing that dream job. So what is the mantra for writing an excellent resume? Well there is no magical mantra just some small steps that you need to keep in mind. Here we list some of the most important things that you need to keep in mind while writing a resume.

  • Make a list of resume contents Before writing a resume make a check list of all your achievements.
  • Know the company job profile properly. Now select those achievements which are relevant to the job profile and put them in the resume. The selectors don’t have the time to go through a very long resume and therefore it is important to list and highlight those points which will increase your chances of getting the job.
  • Make sure you use the right keywords. Many companies use digital databases to search for candidates. The digital search result lists those resumes which have certain keywords the company is looking for, so make sure your resume contains them. You can get an idea of these words by seeing the company’s job ads and job descriptions.
  • Proofread your resume atleast twice or as many times as required. One small typing or grammatical mistake can make you lose that dream job. It is good idea to get the resume proof read by someone trusted and who works in the same field. Microsoft Word provides spell check facility but don’t rely on work alone.
  • Use bullet points. No one has the patience to go through long paragraphs of text.
  • Prioritise the information. Put the most relevant and important information first and so on. This should be done for the overall resume as well as the individual sections.
  • Don’t include any negative information in your resume. For example, you don’t need to mention why you quit your last job.
  • Mention % or GPA if high There is certain information like your age, race etc which you don’t need to mention unless specifically asked. Mention your CGPA only if it is above 3.5/4. If your percentage or GPA is not that great, mention first class or distinction
  • Make your resume appear good Use Fonts that look good but are also easy to read. Choose template for resume carefully, MS Office provides several such templates
  • Don’t make your resume too long. Most employers go for resume which are at max 1 or 2 pages long
  • Use action verbs which communicate your skill. These include words like managed, coached, planned etc.
  • Don’t mention your hobbies unless they are relevant to the job profile.
  • Keep your resume updated. Make sure it includes all your important achievements till date.
  • Avoid using jargon or slang. Don’t use any jargon that you used at your old company as your new employers might be unaware of them.
  • Highlight your important information like name and contact details.
  • You can also consider getting professional help for writing your resume if you are not getting many responses. There are many companies who provide this service.

If mailing resume ensure you use good quality paper with good font and sober colors. Some people also choose to put perfume on the resume to attract attention of HR executives.

Education, Engineering, Jobs ,

Electronic Waste Management

We have heard the word waste management often now. There are several different kinds of wastes and different ways to manage each of these cialis online pharmacy waste. We will talk about electronic waste management here.

WEEE (Waste from Electronic and Electrical Equipment) comprises a range of electronic and electrical products and components. It basically includes all loosely discarded, surplus, obsolete, broken electrical or electronic appliances. Other terms used for the same are electronic waste, e-waste, and e-scrap. Electronic products have become an integral part of our life. Each day a new electronic gadget is launched in the market which is better than already existing ones in one way or the other. Thus people keep on buying new electronic gadgets and replacing old ones. The question now is “What happens to the discarded electronic gadgets?” Most of the electronic gadgets that we use in our daily life for example mobile phones and computers have components which have harmful substances such as lead, cadmium, beryllium, or brominated flame retardants etc. Therefore when the recycling and final disposal of electronic gadgets and components is not done by taking proper care and precautions it is known to adversely affect public health and the environment. How is electronics waste management done?

The problem of e-waste affects both developing and developed countries. Researchers are trying to come up with new ways of managing e-waste. The most important factor is the role of the consumers. Consumers should make sure that the electronic waste produced by them is dumped safely. As per the Electronic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, e-waste must be routed to one of 73 authorised recyclers in India. The awareness about the new guidelines and their implementation might take time to reach out among the people.

There are four major ways of managing e-waste which are as follows-

Landfilling: In this method a ditch is dug in the soil and the soil is excavated from it. The e-waste is then buried in the ditch and then covered by a thick layer of soil. This is one of the most widely used methods of disposing off e-waste. The e-waste takes a lot of time to be degraded in this case as the process of degradation in the case of landfills is very complex and take a long time. However, disposal of e-waste by landfilling is not entirely safe for the environment as certain metals like cadmium can leach into the soil and ground water.

Incineration

In this process controlled and complete combustion of e-waste is carried out in which the waste material is burned in specially designed incinerators at a high temperature (900-1000oC). The main benefit of incineration of e-waste is the reduction of waste volume and the utilization of the energy content of combustible materials. Some of the recycling plants remove iron from the slag for recycling purposes. During incineration some environmentally hazardous organic substances are converted into less hazardous compounds. The main problem with incineration is the emission to air of substances escaping flue gas cleaning and the large amount of residues from gas cleaning and combustion.
Recycling of e-waste

Many electronic devices like music players, laptops, monitors, keyboards, modems, mobile phones, hard drives, printers, CPUs, memory chips, connecting wires etc can be recycled. E-waste recycling plants are now in almost all the small areas of the developed country and gaining popularity in developing countries as well. In recycling various parts of e-waste containing dangerous substances like PCB, Hg, cadmium, plastic,  CRT, ferrous and non-ferrous metals are dismantled and separated. For this strong acids are used to remove precious metals such as copper, lead, gold. It is important that organized and formal methods of recycling are used otherwise the recyclers working in hazardous conditions might be severely affected by the dangerous chemicals and fumes. If all proper precautions are taken while recycling it is the best way to dump e-waste.

Re-use

This implies the directly selling the product for second hand use or use after slight modifications to the original functioning electronic or electrical equipments for example laptops, computers, mobile phones etc.  This reduces the volume of e-waste generation and makes electronic equipments affordable for people who can’t buy a first-hand product.

All these methods should be implemented with proper care. There are many citizen driven waste management initiatives to like “Do not Waste, Donate your Waste” / “Kachra Daan, Karo Kalyan” . You should always pass on your electronic waste to a state or central government certified e-waste recycling organization like E-Parisaraa Pvt. Ltd, SAI electronic recyclers etc. There many e-waste management companies like REVIVE which help big corporate firms to manage their e-waste. MAIT(Manufacturers Association of IT Equipments) has taken the initiative to promote e-Waste awareness amongst manufacturers and corporate firms. This has triggered most corporate firms in India to formulate an e-Waste policy and have volunteered to do its best to promote safe disposal and create clean e-Waste channels. Corporate firms like NOKIA and Wipro have started their own recycling initiatives to help the cause. Internationally, the UN has formed a step (Solve The e-Waste Problem) committee to help curb the e-Waste dumping issues and disposal problems.

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RC-5 Protocol and how it is used in a Universal TV Remote?

RC5 Protocol is a standard infrared data communication protocol used in remotes of consumer electronic systems like TV, music players etc. This protocol was developed by Philips but has been adopted by a lot of other companies for their consumer electronic remotes.

Before understanding the RC-5 protocol it is important to understand the use of infra-red radiations for communication and control applications. The main advantage of infra-red is that it is easily generated and does not suffer electromagnetic interference. A transmitter or source converts an electrical signal to an optical signal. The handset of a consumer electronic remote contains a keypad and a transmitter integrated circuit (IC) driving an infra-red LED.

Since a lot of devices generate infra-red radiations (like lamps, stove etc.) it is important to make sure that these signals don’t interfere with the transmitter signal and therefore the RC-5 protocol uses bi-phase (aka Manchester coded) command data bi-stream modulating a 36 kHz carrier. It uses a fixed length and fixed quantity of bits. For the receiving device (in our case the TV) to understand and can act upon the received signal, the signal must be is amplified, filtered, and demodulated. This is done with the help of an infrared receiver which is a specialized IC with an integral photo-diode. The command comprises of 14 bits of equal length (1.778 ms).The half of the bit time is filled with a burst of the 36 KHz carrier and the other half is idle. A logical zero (OFF) has a burst in the left side of the bit time and a logical one (ON) has burst in the right side of the bit time.

A RC-5 protocol command comprises of 14 bits:

The first bit is the start bit used for Automatic Gain Calibration (AGC) of the receiver.

A field bit, which denotes whether the command sent, is in the lower field (logic 1 = 0 to 63 decimal) or the upper field (logic 0 = 64 to 127 decimal). The field bit was added later by Philips when it was realized that 64 commands per device were insufficient. Previously, the field bit was combined with the start bit. Many devices still use this original system. (source wiki)

The third bit is TOGGLE BIT or CHECK BIT, which flips state every time you press a key on the remote.

This key helps to make sure that you select the channel “22” only when you press the key 2 twice and not when you hold the key 2 continuously.

The next five bits are called the ADDRESS BITS and are used to select one of the 32 possible systems. Each system has a unique 5 BIT address.

The next 6 bits are COMMAND BITS. These bits along with the field bit are used to give one of the 128 possible instructions to the receiver device. Bit #14 is the LESS SIGNIFICANT BIT, and it is transmitted last.

The major advantage of a handset using the RC-5 protocol is that you can control a TV of any brand with it.

When a key is pressed on the remote controller, the message frame transmitted consists of the following 14 bits, in order:

  • two Start bits (S1 and S2), both logical ’1′.
  • a Toggle bit (T). This bit is inverted each time a key is released and pressed again.
  • the 5-bit address for the receiving device
  • the 6-bit command.

The address and command bits are each sent most significant bit first. Figure 1 illustrates the format of a Philips RC5 IR transmission frame, for an address of 05h (00101b) and a command of 35h (110101b).

From Figure we can see that it takes:

  • 5.334ms to transmit the Start and Toggle bits (S1, S2 and T). Notice that, as the first half-bit of S1 is a space, the receiver will only notice the real start of the message frame after 889us.
  • 8.89ms to transmit the 5 bits for the address
  • 10.668ms to transmit the 6 bits for the command
  • 24.892ms to fully transmit the actual message frame.
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How to get the Right Electronic Training

It is a competitive world out there and employers expect you to viagra 100mg have academic help certain skills as a electronic engineer. You should get the right kind of electronic training so that you don’t end up wasting your time and money. Here are some basic tips to ensure that-

Electronics engineers work in different industries like defense, communication, automotive, VLSI design etc. Each industry has various job profiles, for example you can work as an application engineer, testing engineer etc.  If you know which industry and job profile you want to work for you would be able to focus a lot better. Keep trying out new things like internships, vocational courses, build-it-yourself electronic products, educational seminars and webinars; this would help you to figure out what you like.

Money is an important factor while applying for jobs. It is important to find out the latest developments in your field of interest, its progress, and latest career and market trends. You can find this on the net or by talking to some professionals in the field.

Try looking for job ads in the companies who work in the sector you are interested in. Make sure they are relevant to your experience. For example if you are fresher look for openings for fresher. This will give you an idea of which hardware, software and soft skills you need to work on and take training for. Try to take up electives in your college relevant to the industry. If no such electives are available or you are not in college anymore you can always do online courses, read books, attend workshops etc. These days a lot of internship programs are also available .They teach you a lot and will also add value to your resume. If you don’t have time to go somewhere and do an internship, you can always do at_home internships.

Last but not the least there are certain basic skills that all electronic engineers should have for example you should know how to solder an electronic circuit, how to assemble it on a bread board or PCB, how to read ratings of instrument, how to test a basic circuit and find faults with it etc.

Adormi Technologies provides electronic-build-it yourself products which come with a CD which will help you acquire many of these skills with the help of instructional videos and documents on testing and troubleshooting of circuits, assembly instructions etc.

Education, Internship, Jobs, Projects , , ,

Accelerometers- What everyone from Nokia to Apple are using

An accelerometer is an electromechanical device that measures acceleration often caused by motion. But when they are standing still, the only acceleration the cheap articles accelerometer senses is due to gravity pulling down on it. To put it in simpler words an accelerometer measures acceleration forces, which may be dynamic or static in nature. They are completely modular and very tiny devices. Analogue accelerometer gives voltage proportional to acceleration.  A digital accelerometer gives PWM output or direct binary digital data.

Figure: Accelerometer ADXL-335

Accelerometers are used to measure the angle the device is tilted with respect to the axis of the earth by measuring the amount of static acceleration due to gravity. They also help to analyze the way device is moving by sensing the amount of dynamic acceleration. Measuring tilt and acceleration helps us to make many useful products. For example they can be used in mobile phones for screen rotation, tilt controlled scrolling, and ringer control based on orientation etc. In addition, mobile phone makers can use the accelerometer to improve accuracy and usability of navigation functions. IPod’s game, steps counter, remote console, airbag, seismic movement detector, camcorders all of them have accelerometers.

Accelerometers can be 2D or 3D depending on whether they measure acceleration in 2 dimensions or 3 dimensions. The simplest accelerometer is a seismic mass inside a box. A dashpot is used to absorb the movement between the mass and the box which is proportional to the acceleration. A variable resistor is used to convert the vibration into voltage. Because of inertia, the seismic mass is always moving, at its natural frequency. Since this frequency, it is considered that the sensor is really moving. The seismic mass is surrounded with a coil and is made with a magnet. Accelerometers can also work on other principles like the piezoelectric effect – they contain microscopic crystal structures that get stressed by accelerative forces, which causes a voltage to be generated. Capacitive accelerometers are also available. If you have two microstructures next to each other, they have a certain capacitance between them. If an accelerative force moves one of the structures, then the capacitance will change. We can then use a circuitry to convert from capacitance to voltage, and you will get an accelerometer. There are even more methods, including use of the piezoresistive effect, hot air bubbles, and light.

Some points to keep in mind while using accelerometers.

  1. Since it is very sensitive, don’t touch the accelerometer ic as static charge may alter the analogue reading.
  2. Check the voltage rating before connecting to the supply as most accelerometer works around 3.6v so if greater supply is attached to it, it may damage the IC.
  3. Read the datasheet and basic operating instructions before using.
  4. Select the accelerometer based on the sensitivity required.

Here we will give you a brief introduction how to use an accelerometer for finding angles(x-z plane tilt, y-z tilt)

  • For this we are using ADXL-335 module (you can use others too).
  • It is a 3 axis device and its sensitivity is ±3g (g=gravity) which makes it capable of angle finding. It has 5 degrees of freedom.
  • It gives three analogue output(X, Y, Z) of every position tilted.

 Figure: Value of X-out, Y-out and Z-out at different positions of the IC

  • While placing the IC at position 1 take the reading in our case Xout=336 (0g), Yout=336 (0g), Zout=412 (1g).The position 1 is the calibration position and the corresponding values are the calibration values.
  • X1=X-336, Y1=Y-336, Z1=Z-336
  • Now, X-Z plane tilt =atan²( X1/(Z1²+Y1²)½ ).
  • So now you have found the angle of x-z tilt in radians.
  • Similarly you can find Y-Z plane tilt.

NOTE:

  • The value of 0g in our case was 336 it can vary depending on the platform upon which the sensor is placed i.e. if the platform is tilted slightly the values will differ.
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Where can I find electronics projects?

Electronics gadgets have become a part of daily life over the past decade and are increasing in numbers. Electronics is increasingly used in every industry from automotive, medical, computing, communication, defense, home automation, construction, entertainment, robotics and more. Hence it is important to know basics of electronics and better yet in and out of electronics used in your field of specialization.

There are several electronics projects available in local markets either as readymade products or kits. The quality of kits vary, most kits have only a PCB and some components with hand drawn circuit diagram. Others have part of the hardware but not all with no guidance at all. If you are new to building your own projects and are scared to building without guidance look for products with everything in a box all hardware, software, power supply, interactive instructional CD, Step by step guides, Electronics fundamentals basics, real life applications, classroom theory and technology overview and career section. Evaluate after sales support and quality.

Buying electronics projects helps no one but the manufacturer. It’s a quick way of making money. Lot of companies have cropped up in Major cities, Bangalore  alone has over 80 such institutes. These make good money charging anywhere from Rs. 15-30K for each project bought. They create project reports and give you readymade projects. Don’t do disservice to yourself. Do not buy readymade projects, build them, they will help you in the long run. Students often look for short term benefits of getting great grades in their project coursework but get exposed as soon as they go in from of interviewers. Before finding right circuit diagram, enough guidance and required hardware was a challenge but not anymore. Look for companies that can give you all guidance and support only when you need it. Struggle a bit but ensure you have help at fingertips if required. It’s not always about succeeding in making the latest and greatest product, the experience of failure is also a great learning tool.

Education, Jobs, Projects ,

Engineering Final Year Projects

How important is Engineering final year project? Why bother making them when you can pay some money in the market and get all you want? Why do students end up buying projects?

Having interviewed several engineers I realized that students in India try to take shortcuts to final year Engineering project.

During interviews one of the most important question for new grads is “What engineering projects did you work on?”

The idea as an interviewer is to find out what students understood and how much hands on experience they have. Unfortunately, most new grads from India have shallow knowledge. They end up buying their final year BTECH reports and engineering projects. What they don’t realize is that by doing this finding a job later will be hard. Even if they do find jobs they would have to struggle in their jobs. So, why not fix it right the first time around.

Most students I interviewed said their biggest problem was
1. Lack of guidance
Most colleges and professors have so many students that students do not get the required guidance.
2. Fear of unknown
Since these students have not built anything before how can they build something big in the final year?
3. Lack of research material
There is a lot of research they need to do to get the right project reports, where to find the ones which are fit for student use. Most relevant information especially circuit theory, technology and market trends is hard find.
4. Lack of time
Amidst, job search, extra curriculum, college fests, college coursework it’s hard to find so much time to dedicate on the final project.

Solutions:
1. Improve awareness of the educators by exposing them to industry, making them work in the industry or exposing them to industry technology through regular seminars. Wipro 10X is one such program.

2. Introducing small projects as a part of the curriculum of course work/practical, where one student works on building one product. Building projects provides more than just thrill of building. It helps with independent thinking, trouble shooting and gives exposure to end to end cycle. The governing education boards are mandating students to build not buy readymade projects.

3. Research material is hard to find. Several technical magazines can do the trick. Adormi Technologies has a research section in the CD with classroom theory, technology overview and market trends along with all hardware. Instructional videos included should also help students get both confidence and guidance required.

4. Many educational companies are now focused on software material that aid in supplementing the college knowledge. Training institutes give both soft-skills and hard-skill training. However these are more in software than hardware fields.

These efforts both by educator and industry should help improve quality of students by encouraging them to do more hands on.

Education, Engineering, Interview, Jobs, Projects

India’s Electronics Industry: Rise and Focus

In India, electronic industry started off around 1965 with an orientation towards space and defence technologies. It was then rigidly controlled and initiated by the government. Later developments in consumer electronics took place mainly with transistor radios, black N White TV, calculators and other audio products. Colour Televisions followed in 1982, when the government allowed thousands of colour TV sets to be imported in the country to coincide with the broadcast of Asian Games in Delhi. Year 1985 saw the advent of Computer and Telephone exchanges succeeded by digital exchanges in 1988. The period between 1984 and 1990 was the golden period during which the country witnessed continuous and rapid growth.

In recent years the electronic industry is growing at a brisk pace. It is currently worth US$ 32 Billion and according to industry estimates it has the potential to reach US$ 150 billion by 2010. The largest segment is the consumer electronics segment. While the largest export segment is of components.

The electronic industry in India constitutes just 0.7 per cent of the global electronic industry. Hence it is miniscule by international comparison. However the demand in the Indian market is growing rapidly and investments are flowing in to augment the manufacturing capacity. The output of the Electronic Hardware Industry in India is worth US$11.6 Billion at present. India is also an exporter of a vast range of electronic components and products for the following segments-

  • Display technologies
  • Entertainment electronics
  • Optical Storage devices
  • Passive components
  • Electromechanical components
  • Telecom equipment
  • Transmission & Signaling equipment
  • Semiconductor designing
  • Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS)

The Indian electronics market, estimated at $65 billion in 2010, has a comparatively smaller size against the global electronics market of $1.8 trillion. Despite its current minnow status, the Indian electronics market has gained global attention for the immense opportunities that remain uncorked.

This growth has attracted global players to India and leaders like Solectron, Flextronics, Jabil, Nokia, Elcoteq and many more have made large investments to access the Indian market. In consumer electronics Korean companies such as LG and Samsung have made commitments by establishing large manufacturing facilities and now enjoy a significant share in the growing market for products such as Televisions, CD/DVD Players, Audio equipment and other entertainment products.

The growth in telecom products demand has been breathtaking and India is adding 2 million mobile phone users every month! With telecom penetration of around 10 per cent, this growth is expected to continue at least over the next decade. Penetration levels in other high growth products are equally high and growth in demand for Computer/ IT products, auto electronics, medical, industrial, as well as consumer electronics is equally brisk. Combined with low penetration levels and the Indian economy growing at an impressive 7 per cent per annum, the projection of a US$150 Billion+ market is quite realistic and offers an excellent opportunity to electronics players worldwide.

The past decade has been remarkable for the Indian electronics industry from a consumption perspective: 18 million mobile phones in 2003 to 172 million units in 2010; shipment of 3 million PCs in 2003 to over 8.2 million in 2010; from a non-existent market in 2003 to a rapidly growing LCD TV market that witnessed sales of 3.5 million units in 2010.

The tremendous growth in all segments of electronics has given the industry a key position on the global map. The Indian electronics industry has been growing at a CAGR of over 25 percent in the past 5 years.

Indian Electronics industry has been characterized by an acute disparity between supply and demand.

Despite the continuous increase in electronics consumption in the country, indigenous electronics manufacturing has not reached desirable levels. Electronics production accounts for less than two percent of the country’s GDP. Also, locally manufactured electronics contributes less than one percent of the global electronics industry pointing towards the failure of concerted efforts. Electronics manufacturing in the country currently accounts for less than 60 percent of the consumption.

Some of the high growth sectors which needs to be focused for the future in terms of consumption volumes include:

• Communication handsets, communication infrastructure
• IT – desktops, notebooks, servers, and memory
• Consumer electronics – LCD TVs, set top boxes

The current low levels of indigenous manufacturing of these electronic products indicate the vast opportunities ahead for the electronics industry to tap. Going with the current growth and demand of innovative products, there seems to be a huge requirement of well trained Electronics Engineers in the India’s Electronic industry. Training provided by these companies is bridging the gap between student knowledge and industry requirements. Wide variety of products offered by such companies give an opportunity to the students to work on small real time applications and develop an understanding of underlying principles behind it. Right exposure and hands on experience will definitely give an upper edge while entering into an Electronics Industry.

Education, Engineering, Jobs